II. Grammar and Vocabulary
There is no denying that students should learn something about how computers work, just as we expect them at least to understand that the internal-combustion engine has something to do with burning fuel, expanding gases and pistons __21__(drive). For people should have some basic idea of how the things that they use do __22__ they do. Further, students might be helped by a course that considers the computer’s impact on society. But that is not what is meant __23__ computer literacy. Computer literacy is not a form of literacy; it is a trade skill that should not be taught as a liberal art.
Learning how to use a computer and learning how to program one are two distinct activities. A case might be made that the competent citizens of tomorrow __24__ free themselves from their fear of computers. But this is quite different from saying that all ought to know how to program one. Leave that to people who have chosen programming as a career. While programming can be lots of fun, __25__ while our society needs some people who are experts at it, the same is true of auto repair and violin-making.
Learning how to use a computer is not that difficult, and it gets easier all the time as programs become more “user-friendly”. Let us assume that in the future __26__ is going to have to know how to use a computer to be a competent citizen. What does the phrase learning to use a computer mean? It sounds like “learning to drive a car”, that is, it sounds __27__ __27__ there is some set of definite skills that, once __28__ (acquire), enable one to use a computer.