SES 2020届 高三九月月考 英语卷
II. Grammar Vocabulary
Directions: After reading the passage below, fill in the blanks to make the passage coherent and grammatically correct. For the blanks with a given word, fill in each blank with the proper form of the given word; for the other blanks, use one word that best fits each blank.
About 100 years ago, one of the founders of modern linguistics, Ferdinand de Saussure, wrote that the relationship 21 the sounds we make and the concepts they express are arbitrary(任意的，随意的). Many have long agreed. But now the inherent(内在的) randomness of human language 22 (challenge) by a large new study published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 23 analyzed 100 basic words in 3,700 languages around the world. In short: Certain words tend to contain or omit certain sounds in a significant number of these languages, and the consistency is “stronger than we’d expect by chance.” The team of physicists, linguists, and computer scientists from the US, Argentina and Europe took a “big data approach” to sixty two percent of the world’s languages, one of 24 tells the Washington Post.
Among their many findings is 25 the word for nose contains the sound “n” in more than 1,400 languages, 26 (range) from “nev” in Icelandic and “hana” in Japanese to “kon” in Sar and “naris” in Spanish. Ditto(同上，同前) the sound “s” in sand. The researchers don’t yet know why, although they’ve ruled out the idea of there 27 (be) one original language. It’s not the first study 28 (suggest) a biological basis for the sounds we appoint to objects ---- something 29 (call) the “bouba/kiki” effect dates back to 1929, suggesting that most humans think the fake word “bouba” sounds like a rounded shape while the fake word “kiki” sounds spiky(带尖刺的). A separate researcher tells the Telegraph that some words may date back from 30 babies can first say, such as “mama”, but says the study “looked at too few words to make any firm conclusions.”